CEFO-200 Tablet MANUFACTURER/ MARKETER C Pharmaceuticals SALT COMPOSITION Cefpodoxime Proxetil (200mg) STORAGE Store below 30°C
CEFO-200 Tablet is an antibiotic medicine used to treat bacterial infections in your body. It is effective in infections of the lungs (eg. pneumonia), urinary tract, ear, nasal sinus, throat, and skin. It kills bacteria, which helps to improve your symptoms and cure the infection.
CEFO-200 Tablet should be taken with food. You should take it regularly at evenly spaced intervals as per the schedule prescribed by your doctor. Taking it at the same time every day will help you to remember to take it. The dose will depend on what you are being treated for, but you should always complete a full course of this antibiotic as prescribed by your doctor. Do not stop taking it until you have finished, even when you feel better. If you stop taking it early, some bacteria may survive and the infection may come back. It will not work for viral infections such as flu or the common cold. Using any antibiotic when you do not need it can make it less effective for future infections.
The most common side effects of this medicine include rash, nausea, and diarrhea. Taking this medicine along with some food may help to prevent indigestion and upset stomach. Consult your doctor if you find these side effects bother or worry you.
Before using it, you should tell your doctor if you are allergic to any antibiotics or have any kidney or liver problems. This medicine is generally regarded as safe to use in pregnancy and breastfeeding if prescribed by your doctor. It may blur your vision or make you feel sleepy and dizzy. Do not drive if these symptoms occur.
USES OF CEFO-200 TABLET
Description of Bacterial infections
Bacterial infections are caused by bacteria, a kind of microorganisms that are made of only one cell. Bacteria live in all kinds of the environment including extreme hot and cold conditions. Millions of bacteria are present in the environment around us, on our body and inside it. Bacteria are both harmful and useful to us. In fact, only a small number of bacteria are responsible for illnesses. Many are beneficial, such as those involved in immunity, digestion, and production of antibiotics and food products.
Useful Bacteria Bacteria are important for digestion of food. There are some that fight diseases and those that help make healthful food.
Some examples of good bacteria include: 1. Lactobacillus is used in making yogurt and cheese. 2. Escherichia coli are present in intestines and help in digestion of food, and production of vitamin K. 3. Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron and Bacteroides fragilis live in the gut and help in digestion of carbohydrates and sugar transport and utilization.
Causes and Risk Factors
Some bacteria cause illness. They invade and quickly multiply in the body to form colonies. When this happens in the respiratory tract, the following diseases may occur: 1. Pharyngitis -- Streptococcus pyogenes 2. Diphtheria -- Corynebacterium diphtheria 3. Pertussis -- Bordetella pertussis 4. Tuberculosis -- Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Bacteria also cause skin infections such as: 1. Leprosy -- Mycobacterium leprae 2. Abscess -- Staphylococcus aureus
Signs and Symptoms The symptoms of bacterial infection would depend on the condition, the organ affected, and the kind of bacteria causing the infection.
The diagnosis of bacterial infections would depend on the symptomatic history of the patient. The tests that may be done include: 1. Physical examination 2. Blood tests 3. Urine tests 4. Urine culture 5. Gram stain to identify bacteria 6. Toxin assay to look for the toxins made by the bacteria 7. Culture or biopsy of the tissue infected
The treatment will depend on the kind of infection. Antibiotics are usually prescribed to treat bacterial infections. These are medicines that kill the bacteria. They may be given in the oral or injectable form. Some antibiotics that may be prescribed for a bacterial infection may include: 1. Amoxicillin 2. Azithromycin 3. Doxycycline 4. Ofloxacin 5. Tetracycline 6. Gentamycin 7. Metronidazole 8. Clindamycin Supportive therapy may be required for other symptoms, such as fever.
Complications and When Should You See a Doctor
The complications will depend on the kind of bacterial infection. Antibiotics must be taken carefully and for the duration, they are prescribed for. Taking them too frequently, taking them without a prescription or not completing the full course of treatment may lead to a development of antibiotic resistance, where antibiotics fail to kill bacteria. Antibiotic resistance makes treatment of bacterial infections difficult and may prolong the illness and severity.
Fernández-Frackelton M. Bacteria. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA:Elsevier; 2018:chap 121. McAdam AJ, Milner DA, Sharpe AH. Infectious diseases. In: Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC, eds. Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 8.
SIDE EFFECTS OF CEFO-200 TABLET Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine. Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them
Common side effects of CEFO-200
HOW TO USE CEFO-200 TABLET Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. CEFO-200 Tablet is to be taken with food.
HOW CEFO-200 TABLET WORKS CEFO-200 Tablet is an antibiotic. It kills the bacteria by preventing them from forming the bacterial protective covering (cell wall) which is needed for them to survive.
Consuming alcohol with CEFO-200 Tablet does not cause any harmful side effects.
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
CEFO-200 Tablet is generally considered safe to use during pregnancy. Animal studies have shown low or no adverse effects to the developing baby; however, there are limited human studies.
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
CEFO-200 Tablet is safe to use during breastfeeding. Human studies suggest that the drug does not pass into the breastmilk in a significant amount and is not harmful to the baby. Avoid prolonged use of CEFO-200 Tablet, since it may have possible effects such as rash and diarrhea.
CEFO-200 Tablet may decrease alertness, affect your vision or make you feel sleepy and dizzy. Do not drive if these symptoms occur.
CEFO-200 Tablet should be used with caution in patients with severe kidney disease. Dose adjustment of CEFO-200 Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
CEFO-200 Tablet is safe to use in patients with liver disease. No dose adjustment of CEFO-200 Tablet is recommended.
WHAT IF YOU FORGET TO TAKE CEFO-200 TABLET?
If you miss a dose of CEFO-200 Tablet, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.