1-CLAV-1.2GM injection MANUFACTURER/ MARKETER C Pharmaceuticals SALT COMPOSITION Amoxycillin (1000mg) + Clavulanic Acid (200mg) STORAGE Store below 30°C
1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection is a penicillin-type of antibiotic that helps your body fight infections caused by bacteria. It is used to treat infections of the lungs (e.g., pneumonia), ear, nasal sinus, urinary tract, skin, and soft tissue. It will not work for viral infections such as the common cold.
1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection is generally administered by a healthcare professional and should not be self-administered. Depending on the severity of your underlying illness, your doctor will decide the precise dose and schedule as per which this injection is to be given. It is strictly advised to be used as per the doctor’s prescription.
Common side effects of this medicine include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Additionally, you may notice some injection site reactions like pain, swelling, or redness. Please consult your doctor if these do not get better or persist for a longer duration of time. In cases of patients with severe liver or kidney disease, consult your doctor before you start with the treatment.
Before using it, you should tell your doctor if you are allergic to any antibiotics or have any kidney or liver problems. Your doctor may change the dose or prescribe a different medicine. This medicine is generally regarded as safe to use during pregnancy and breastfeeding if used under a doctor’s supervision.
Uses of 1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection
Description of Bacterial infections
Bacterial infections are caused by bacteria, a kind of microorganisms that are made of only one cell. Bacteria live in all kinds of the environment including extreme hot and cold conditions. Millions of bacteria are present in the environment around us, on our body and inside it. Bacteria are both harmful and useful to us. In fact, only a small number of bacteria are responsible for illnesses. Many are beneficial, such as those involved in immunity, digestion, and production of antibiotics and food products.
Bacteria are important for digestion of food. There are some that fight diseases and those that help make healthful food. Some examples of good bacteria include: 1. Lactobacillus is used in making yogurt and cheese. 2. Escherichia coli are present in intestines and help in digestion of food, and production of vitamin K. 3. Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron and Bacteroides fragilis live in the gut and help in digestion of carbohydrates and sugar transport and utilization.
Causes and Risk Factors
Some bacteria cause illness. They invade and quickly multiply in the body to form colonies. When this happens in the respiratory tract, the following diseases may occur: 1. Pharyngitis -- Streptococcus pyogenes 2. Diphtheria -- Corynebacterium diphtheria 3. Pertussis -- Bordetella pertussis 4. Tuberculosis -- Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Bacteria also cause skin infections such as: 1. Leprosy -- Mycobacterium leprae 2. Abscess -- Staphylococcus aureus
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms of bacterial infection would depend on the condition, the organ affected, and the kind of bacteria causing the infection.
The diagnosis of bacterial infections would depend on the symptomatic history of the patient. The tests that may be done include: 1. Physical examination 2. Blood tests 3. Urine tests 4. Urine culture 5. Gram stain to identify bacteria 6. Toxin assay to look for the toxins made by the bacteria 7. Culture or biopsy of the tissue infected
The treatment will depend on the kind of infection. Antibiotics are usually prescribed to treat bacterial infections. These are medicines that kill the bacteria. They may be given in the oral or injectable form. Some antibiotics that may be prescribed for a bacterial infection may include: 1. Amoxicillin 2. Azithromycin 3. Doxycycline 4. Ofloxacin 5. Tetracycline 6. Gentamycin 7. Metronidazole 8. Clindamycin Supportive therapy may be required for other symptoms, such as fever.
Complications and When Should You See a Doctor
The complications will depend on the kind of bacterial infection. Antibiotics must be taken carefully and for the duration, they are prescribed for. Taking them too frequently, taking them without a prescription or not completing the full course of treatment may lead to a development of antibiotic resistance, where antibiotics fail to kill bacteria. Antibiotic resistance makes treatment of bacterial infections difficult and may prolong the illness and severity.
Fernández-Frackelton M. Bacteria. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA:Elsevier; 2018:chap 121. McAdam AJ, Milner DA, Sharpe AH. Infectious diseases. In: Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC, eds. Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 8.
Side effects of 1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection
Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine. Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them
Common side effects of Hipen Clav
How to use 1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection
Your doctor or nurse will give you this medicine. Kindly do not self administer.
How 1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection works
Consuming alcohol with 1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection does not cause any harmful side effects.
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection is generally considered safe to use during pregnancy. Animal studies have shown low or no adverse effects to the developing baby; however, there are limited human studies.
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection is safe to use during breastfeeding. Human studies suggest that the drug does not pass into the breastmilk in a significant amount and is not harmful to the baby.
1-CLAV-1.2GMInjection may cause side effects which could affect your ability to drive. 1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection may cause side effects such as allergic reactions, dizziness or fits that may make you unfit to drive.
1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease. Dose adjustment of1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection may be needed. Please consult your doctor. Use of this medicine is not recommended in patients with severe kidney disease.
1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection should be used with caution in patients with liver disease. Dose adjustment of 1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection may be needed. Please consult your doctor. Regular monitoring of liver function tests is recommended while you are taking this medicine
What if you forget to take 1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection?
If you miss a dose of 1-CLAV-1.2GM Injection, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.